Presa Canario's of Cabeza Grande Kennel - overview
About Presa Canario's of Cabeza Grande Kennel
We are a small kennel committed to health, temperament and functional structure.
We specialize in healthy, functional companion guardians.
It is our mission to produce great companions, great workers, great examples of the breed and to place them with equally great owners. We are not so arrogant as to believe that we can do it better than the creators of the breed, we believe we owe it to the breed to improve on the condition of the breed today. We hope our goals on type mirror those of the Canarians and that we can only improve on their programs by adding strong temperaments and good health. They gave us the template on which we can make our masterpiece, that "perfect dog" is our ultimate goal. With those things in mind and a true dedication to the breed, we think we are headed in the right direction. A well rounded dog is one with a title at both ends with health and temperament to match! Should you decide to buy a puppy from us, we would like to thank you and welcome you into our Presa Canario family.
Stud Service to Approved Females
We are a small but dedicated kennel interested in improving the state of the Presa Canario in the US. Our dogs are bred for health, temperament, working ability, conformation and true Spanish Presa Canario type. We strive for the "total" Presa. All of our bitches and dogs must pass stringent criteria before being considered for our breeding program. They will:
Be confirmed by Spanish breed specialists or judges as acceptable for breeding and FCI recognized.
Be OFA'd, PennHIP'd or other x-ray evaluated test that shows they are free from Canine Hip Displaysia. Please visit the OFA Website or the PennHIP Website for more information about this disease.(View PennHIP Scores of our dogs and their relatives.)
Be temperament tested to assure strong and stable temperaments.
Last, they must be matched up with the opposite sex that best compliments their weaknesses. No dog is perfect so we try to evaluate our dogs weak points and match them up with dogs of complimentary strengths.
About The Breed: Presa Canario
The breed is originally from the Canary Islands in the 1700s, notably Tenerife and Gran Canaria. Its exact ancestry is unknown, but enthusiasts believe that the Perro de Bardino Majorero, an established farm dog from the Canary Islands, was crossed with the Mastiff and Old-Style Bulldog brought from Europe to the Islands by visitors and colonists, creating the foundation for the modern Presa Canario. A number of Spanish breeds such as the Perro de Ganado Majorero, Presa Español, and Alano Español may have contributed to the development of the Presa Canario.
Presa type guard and catch dogs are mentioned in historical documents of the 16th and 17th centuries. It is believed that the Perro de Presa Canario was created during the 18th century for the purpose propery and flock guarding as well as the holding and driving of livestock. The breed was also used for dog fighting, a tradition the English settlers transplanted along with their of Mastiff and Bulldog breeds. Canary Islanders consider these fights "honor fights" and not the sole purpose of the animal. They were used as guard dogs, and less often as farm dogs. Presa type dogs were referred to as the "perro de la tierra" or "dog of the land."
The breed became nearly extinct after dog fighting was outlawed in the 1940s, but the breed was revived in the 1970s with the help of several crosses by various breeders. This period is generally known as the reconstruction of the breed, with atypical specimens becoming less common. Description
The Perro de Presa Canario is a Molosser type dog from the Canary Islands. This large breed was originally bred as a multi-purpose farm dog, being used as a cattle drover and guard dog. The name means the "Canarian Dog of Prey" and is sometimes simply called "Presa."
The Presa should be powerful, balanced, and imposing in appearance. It is heavily built, but able to move with great athleticism.
The head is broad, massive, square, and powerful. Proper head and good expression are part of the breed standard, and are manifest in the best breed specimens. The ears are normally cropped both to create a more formidable expression, and to prevent damage while working with cattle. In countries where ear cropping is banned the ears should be pendant or "rose" shaped. The lips are thick and hang in an inverted V; the flews may be slightly loose.
The breed is also characterized by a sloping topline(with the rear being slightly higher than the shoulders). Another characteristic of the breed is the shape of the paws (cat foot) and the catlike movement of the animal. The body is mesomorphic, that is, slightly longer than the dog is tall, contributing to the feline movement. The breed is also known, incidentally, for the ability to adapt to various climates.
One of the characteristics of the breed is the diversity of markings. Fawn comes in silver fawn, gold fawn, and red fawn. Brindle comes in colorings of black (and may appear solid), brown, and all shades in between. "Verdino" or greenish-tinted brindle is among the most traditional coat colors; reverse brindle or "atigrado claro" is among the most exotic.
The ideal coat is medium length and "rustic," that is, slightly coarse to the touch. The breed is known for its very minimal shedding. Presa Canarios have thick skin and short fur that comes in all shades of fawn and brindle. White is allowed up to 20 percent and is most commonly found on the chest and feet, and occasionally on a blaze on the muzzle. The breed standard requires black pigmentation and dogs should have a black mask that does not extend above the eyes. This breed has never consisted of any shades of blue or grey. General Information
Due to its temperament, the Presa Canario can be a challenge to train. They require a firm owner who is willing and able to meet the challenges a young, dominant puppy may pose. The breed is not traditionally suited for protection sports but it is gaining in popularity due to a small group of enthusiasts who have selected dogs based heavily on function.
As with any breed, those interested in purchasing a Presa Canario should carefully research breeders and a dog's ancestry to ensure that the breeding lines are healthy. Typically speaking, the higher the degree of consanguinity, the higher the likelihood of genetic defects. Due to the breed's vast gene pool, many of the genetic problems that affect other purebreeds are less evident. However, as the breed becomes more tightly interbred and bloodlines developed the incidence of genetic problems may increase.
As a large breed, the Presa Canario can be susceptible to hip dysplasia. Other possible (but generally uncommon) health problems include epilepsy, osteochondrodysplasias, and cryptorchidism. Health issues unique to Spain include canine herpes virus and canine visceral leishmaniasis. An outbreak of herpes can be deadly to a canine population, particularly to newborn puppies. Leishmaniasis is a blood parasite that has a long incubation period (of several years) and most often leads to death.
Some enthusiasts hold that, if the dog's pedigree cannot be traced back to the Canary Islands, it is not a true Presa Canario but rather a Bandog. It should be noted that there is a great degree of diversity in Presa Canarios and Dogo Canarios throughout the world. While this diversity has good implications for health, it has some interesting ramifications for the breed status. The Presa Canario is one of four breeds that does not have a DNA profile. And despite the fact that some claim the "Presa Canario" is a different breed from the "Dogo Canario" neither phenotype nor genotype evidence can accurately substantiate this claim. Essentially, all Dogo Canarios are Presa-type dogs (that is Presa Canario), but not all Presa-type dogs (Presa Canario) are necessarily Dogo Canarios.
For years, obtaining proper paperwork from Spain was extremely difficult. It is even claimed (but never substantiated), for example, that a former president of the Spanish club simply didn't give out papers. Some breeders simply do not have papers on their dogs which are bonafide Presa Canarios. The problem in obtaining papers has definitely contributed to the diversity of the breed in many ways. Due to this difficulty, American owners and breeders created and sought other ways to register their dogs, such as AKC-FSS, UKC, UPPCC, and FIC. Physicality
Males average between 23-26 inches; Females average between 22-25 inches. Personality
The Presa Canario breed is known for its calm temperament, which is often referred to as the "island temperament." It is considered "gentle and noble" with the family, and distrusting of strangers. The Presa Canario forms a strong bond with its master and human family and can be very protective. The breed is intelligent and is known to possess a "severe gaze."
In some situations, the Presa can be aggressive toward other dogs and animals, even humans in rare cases. Once the dog has been socialized and trained, this becomes the exception instead of the rule. Many Presas share their homes with birds, cats, dogs, horses, reptiles and other animals.
It should be noted that while two very high profile cases have shoved this breed into the spotlight, it is not known for its unstable or nasty temperament. Many breeds have mauled and/or killed humans in far higher numbers but this breed seems to be the one that attracts the negative attention.
Welcoming a Presa Canario
Presa Canario Breeders
- Jen Chandler
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Pages & Blogs
Our Kennel Facility
Cabeza Grande Kennel is located on 5+ sprawling acres in the countryside. We are surrounded by hundreds and ...read on...
History and Theories Surrounding the Origin of the
Taken from the Dogo Canario Club of America Web Site. In his book "Historia General Sobre Las Islas Canarias" ...read on...
The Current Profile of the Presa Canario
Taken from the Dogo Canario Club of America Web Site. The Presa Canario is an animal of medium type. He has a ...read on...
The Presa Canario and the Parallel Presas
Taken from the Dogo Canario Club of America Web Site. The racial model of the Presa Canario condenses, on the ...read on...
The Breeding Posterior to the Recognition
Taken from the Dogo Canario Club of America Web Site. The official recognition of the breed generated a new ...read on...
Origin of the Presa Canario
Taken from the Dogo Canario Club of America Web Site. A few years following the conclusion of the conquest of the ...read on...